The village of Tuna Al-Jabal is located to the west of the city of Mallawi in the governorate of Minya and west of the city of Ashmunin about ten kilometers, and was known in the time of the Pharaohs (Towns) in the Pharaonic era and then (Tahanat) the days of the Romans and the meaning of the names “Baraka”.

The region gained its international archaeological reputation since the thirties of the twentieth century, when an archaeological mission of the Department of Archeology at the Faculty of Arts at Cairo University, which was later converted to the Faculty of Archeology, succeeded in discovering antiquities with it dating back to before the birth of Christ.

One of the most important monuments in the city is the tomb of Pettosers, the tomb dates back to 300 BC and the owner of the tomb was occupied by the position of chief priest of the god Thoth. As it depicted the appearances of daily living and industries, while the second room was engraved with drawings of most of the ancient Egyptian deity, and the cemetery was the sarcophagus of Beituzers, which was transferred to the Egyptian Museum as one of the important holdings in it and it is a family cemetery where it was dedicated to him, his father and his brother.

There is also Azadora Cemetery, and this cemetery is from the era of Emperor Hadrian, which is a Greek girl who lived in the West Bank of the Nile, and her father was the ruler of the region. She loved an Egyptian officer whom she met at a wedding in the city of Ashmounin, and the most beautiful and coolest love story in ancient history circulated between them, so her father did not know He forbade her from her lover, so she decided to commit suicide without her lover’s knowledge.

There is also a cemetery for the burial of the god Thoth, which extends under the ground for a large distance and was dedicated to the burial of the god Thoth (monkey and bird Abu ibis) God of wisdom and knowledge. A museum has been established in one of the catacombs that contains some of the holdings found in these catacombs that extend from some of his stuffed baboon and ibis Mummified.

The Roman waterwoman dates back to the Roman era and was built of solid red bricks to purify the sacred bird, the ips or monkey, and it has stairs that lead down and reach a depth of about 200 feet.

On May 13, 2017, 18 mummies were discovered in a tuna mountain tomb, and they are an important addition to the village’s great history. In the village there are cemeteries of baboons, falcons and the sacred birds of the ibis of the god “Thoth”, in addition to the cemetery of the city of Hermopolis, and the tomb of Petrusris, the high priest of the god Thoth discovered in 1919  which dates back to the fourth century BC.

Cemetery and chapel Isadora justice
Isadora was a wealthy and beautiful young woman who lived in Hermopolis in the second century .,fell in love with a young soldier from Antinopleus, and they wanted to marry. But her father refused, so the two young men decided to escape. Unfortunately for them, Isadora sank while crossing the Nile. Her body was embalmed, and her father built an elaborate grave for her. Her tomb contains a poem of 10 lines engraved in Greek. Some time after her death, the tomb became a religious shrine, the embalmed remains of Isadora are still present and covered with glass in its shrine – a prominent building in mountain tuna