It is the new capital established by King Akhenaten, and it is located forty-five kilometers south of Bani Hassan Cemeteries in Minya Governorate.  Remains of the ancient capital are still present. In the Middle Ages after that region was ruined since Tutankhamun rose and changed the capital, the Amarna tribe came and lived there for a long time that included centuries and built them, and after they left and returned to their areas the area was called the Amarna hill because those who brought back life to it were the Amarna tribe and the hill because it was the hill Ruin, but a hill has become a permissible city.

Some of the destroyed elite residences are also still located at the northern end of the site, facing the exterior wall of the royal palace. The Egyptian Museum contains beautiful examples of a ground cover of plaster, which was the source of these dwellings.

A group of tombs have also been discovered in Tel el-Amarna, the most important of which are to the north, such as the tombs of Mary Ra, Ahmose, Bento, and the tomb of the royal family that are believed to have been excavated for the king and his family.

Tel El-Amarna is based in Deir Mawas, Minya Governorate, in northern Upper Egypt.

It stretches along the eastern shore of the Nile for nearly five miles – and is 1,100 yards wide. And when ‘Imenhotep the Fourth’ (Akhenaten) realized that there was no possibility to continue in Thebes (Luxor) after the Amen priests showed hostility to his new vocation which he tried to enter instead of the “Amen” religion and other beliefs in Egypt, he had to search for a new location to go to and invite From him to his Lord ‘Aten’, that idol in which the king wanted – according to some specialists – to unify the Egyptian gods complex.

Thus, King Imenhotep IV (Akhenaten) founded his new city, and in the fourth year of his rule, he moved to his new capital, “Sister-Aten” (Akht-Aten), meaning “the horizon of Aten / disk of the sun”. This place where he settled and is now known as ‘Tel el-Amarna’, is located ten kilometers from ‘Mallawi’, on the eastern mainland of the Nile. Leaving both Memphis and Thebes (Luxor), which were the capitals of Egypt at that time and the royal headquarters in summer and winter.

The city of Amarna extends over an area of ​​twenty-five kilometers from ‘Sheikh Saeed’ in the north to ‘Sheikh Abdel Hamid’ in the south, which is an area surrounded by mountain ranges from three sides east, north and south, and its western borders are bordered by the Nile River, and is based on the ruins of four villages are: Eastern Hotah Affiliated to the Dirout Center of the Governorate of Assiut, “ Al-Amaria Al-Sharqiya, Al-Hajj Kandil, the Eastern Hill or Tel Al-Amarna ”, and the three villages belonging to the Dirmawas Center of the Governorate of Minya. As for its name, “Tel el-Amarna”, it is in relation to the village of “Bani Omran” or “Bedouin Amarna” who used to live in it.

And that city that Akhenaten ordered to establish includes: two royal palaces (the northern palace and the southern palace), – Aten temples – residential neighborhoods of nobles’ homes and a village for craftsmen – the royal cemetery located in the northeast of the city – 25 individual tombs divided into two groups (northern, southern They are located in the far north of the city and include 25 graves of senior state officials during the reign of Akhenaten. The king defined his city with fourteen paintings known as the “border boards”. In the city, letters were found in the Arabic word derived from the name of the Imran tribe that settled on this site (from Middle Egypt) during Islamic times. This name is usually used to refer to the capital founded by the king “Amenhotep IV” who later became Akhenaten, This was around the year 1349 BC .. Also, the adjective “Amarni” is a ratio of the religion advocated by “Akhenaten”.
“Tel el-Amarna” is an ancient city located on the eastern bank of the Nile River in Minya Governorate in Upper Egypt. It is considered a symbol of “revolutionary beliefs” and “imaginary hymns.” Historians and Egyptologists also called it the titles of the “mysterious religious secrets city” and “oriental talisman.” .
Tourist delegations from the countries of “America, Germany, Spain, and Italy” visited the ancient Amarna hill region of Minya Governorate, to get acquainted with the history of ancient Egyptian civilization, where Major General Osama al-Qadi, the governor of Minya, confirmed in a statement that the governorate possesses many tourism components and archaeological areas, It also enjoys security and stability, pointing to the solidarity of all parties for the success of the tourism system in the governorate, working to return Minya to the global tourism map, facilitating procedures for visitors, and creating an appropriate atmosphere to enjoy the many archaeological sites that Minya Governorate abounds in.