De Lesseps in Port Said
De Lesseps statue in Port Fouad
In 1840, the French engineer, Linan de Belphone Bey, developed a project to construct a straight channel linking Bahrain with the red and white and removed the prevailing fear of the high level of the Red Sea water level on the Mediterranean, and confirmed that this was not harmful.
On April 15, 1846 , the St. Simonion in Paris established an association for studies of the Suez Canal, and the French engineer, Polan Talabou, issued a report in late 1847, based on the report of Linan de Bellevon , in which he confirmed the possibility of digging a channel linking Bahrain without any maritime tyranny.
After Saeed Pasha took over the rule of Egypt on July 14, 1854 , de Lesseps – who was close to Saeed Pasha – was able to obtain a franchise in the Suez Canal concession in the first November 1854, and was made up of 12 items, the most important of which was digging a canal linking between Bahrain and the concession period of 99 years from The date the channel was opened.
De Lesseps, accompanied by the engineers of Linan de Belvon Bey and Mugel Bey, visited the Barzakh Suez area on 1 855 to demonstrate the feasibility of digging the canal. The two engineers issued their report on March 20, 1855, which demonstrated the ease of establishing a canal linking Bahrain. De Lesseps formed an international engineering committee to study the report of the engineers and visited the region of Barzakh Suez and Port Said. Their report was issued in December 1855 and confirmed the possibility of creating a canal and that there is no fear of the water level because Bahrain is equal in the level and that there is no fear of the silt of the Nile because Port Said has a sandy beach.
On January 5, 1856 , two documents were issued, the second concession contract and the company’s basic law. One of its most important clauses was that the company carried out all the excavation work, and that the size of Egyptian labor is four fifths of the total labor used in drilling.
The project was completed between the years 1856-1869
Conditions for digging the Suez Canal
(1) The Egyptian government grants the company the right to:
Establishment of the Suez Canal.
Establishing a canal suitable for Nile navigation (later Ismailia canal) that draws its water from the Nile and flows into the saline canal.
Establishing two irrigation and drinking branches that derive their water from the Ismailia Canal.
– Collecting wages for those who benefit from the waters of the Ismailia Canal.
Imposition of fees on ships passing through the salt channel or the fresh canal.
The Egyptian government assigns to the company free of charge all the lands required for the construction of the salty canal or the fresh canal.
The concession period is 99 years, starting from the opening of the canal and afterwards becoming the property of the Egyptian government.
80% of the workers are Egyptian.
– Egypt gets 15% of the net profits.
The Ottoman Sultan certifies the concession to excavate the canal as long as it is correct.
Ferdinand de Lesseps.
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Ferdinand Delisps, a French engineer who studied the project of connecting the Red Sea to the Mediterranean for a long time and tried to persuade Abbas Pasha , refused and then tried with Saeed Pasha and managed to implement the project.
Ferdinand de Lesseps was born in the suburb of Versailles near Paris , France , on November 19 in 1805 to the family of an ancient roots back several centuries ago. Most of her personnel worked in diplomacy and became famous for her pro- Napoleonic stances . He spent his first years in Italy where he worked with his father and then enrolled in education at the Henri IV College in Paris.
In 1803 sent Napoleon a personal envoy to Egypt is Matteo Lesseps ‘s father Ferdinand and was close to the elders of Al – Azhar special Diwan scholars who Napoleon had founded in Cairo , and had to pick up in the course of the political vacuum period 1801 to 1805 the special character that distinguishes the officer Albanian Muhammad Ali approached him before He brought him closer to him and then brought him closer to the scholars, and soon after Muhammad Ali assumed the rule of Egypt with a popular will, Napoleon called Matteo Delespes and replaced him with another Frenchman, Dorovetti, and he became the actual political, military and administrative advisor to Muhammad Ali. The last thing that Matthew Delispus asked Muhammad Ali before his departure was to take the hand of his son Alwaleed Ferdinand.
At the age of twenty-seven, Ferdinand de Lesseps was appointed assistant consul to France in Alexandria in 1832 .