The Grand Egyptian Museum, one of the largest global museums and the largest of one civilization, which the whole world is waiting for its opening, due to the artifacts it contains, which number more than 50 thousand artifacts, including the possessions of King Tutankhamun, which is presented for the first time in history in front of the public completely, so the project The focus of attention of the Egyptian government, which removes any obstacles that may affect its completion. At the time of its opening, the world will see things that it cannot find except in this great cultural edifice, and during the next lines, we review everything you want to know about the museum in numbers.
-The establishment of the Grand Egyptian Museum on an area of 120 acres.
-Upon its opening, the Grand Egyptian Museum displays more than 52,000 artifacts.
-More than 82,000 artifacts have been registered and documented on the museum’s database.
-More than 5,000 pieces belonging to King Tutankhamun are being shown for the first time to the public.
-The Great Staircase will contain about 72 artifacts, among the most important and largest -Egyptian monuments to the kings of Egypt.
-The museum will be ready in mid-2021.
The museum visitor’s path begins with seeing the Obelisk Square, in which the first hanging obelisk in the world is displayed, and in front of it the imposing facade of the museum, the “wall of the pyramids”, is 600 meters wide and 45 meters high. It includes many halls, the most prominent of which is King Tutankhamun Hall, which includes the king’s treasures combined for the first time, a library of rare books and stores of antiquities. And the conference building, which includes a three-dimensional hall, a cultural center, the main restaurant square, a commercial walkway, and shops. As for the outdoor areas, it includes the Sun Boat Museum, a group of restaurants, and many parks.
The importance of the Grand Egyptian Museum
It is worth noting that the Grand Egyptian Museum has many influences on many aspects:
The project will contribute to creating new permanent job opportunities for about 800 individuals, and it will also provide 1500 job opportunities in the services sector (security – cleaning – maintenance) in addition to another 500 new opportunities in the economic projects sector in the museum in the fields of construction, transportation, insurance, services and manufacturing, and it is expected that the museum will achieve a return. Annually, about 120 million pounds.
In terms of tourism
The Grand Museum project will raise the level of tourism services in the Giza Governorate, and work to increase the number of tourists who visit the governorate, and the museum will represent a new incentive for tourists to extend their stay, as it is expected that the museum will visit four million tourists annually at an average rate of fifteen thousand visitors per day. from all over the world.
The project will be implemented in three phases:
*The first level
The implementation of the first phase began in May 2008 by rehabilitating and preparing the project site, in which the site was evacuated from all occupancies, building walls for determining the property with a length of about 3 km, paving internal roads, facilitating a safe site for the transfer of the Ramses statue, making gates, security systems and lighting the entire site, and preparing the lifting. The area of the project, the soil sensors, and the determination of the groundwater level. Seismic movement and all climatic aspects were studied, the environmental impact study of the project was prepared, in addition to a study on the impact of traffic on the area after the project was built.
* The second level
The Antiquities Restoration Center is being built and includes three security areas separated by gates and checkpoints, and alarms against burglary or theft are installed, and these devices can detect any attempts to infiltrate, whether inside or outside the building.
– The first security zone allocates antiquities reception, unpacking, checking, fumigating, sterilizing, treating, photographing, and documenting them until they are ready to enter the second security zone.
– The second security zone includes the basic laboratories, and antiquities are distributed to those laboratories according to their quality. There is a laboratory for large-scale antiquities, another for organic and inorganic antiquities, a third for stone antiquities, and a fourth for antiquities made of metal, glass, or ceramics, as well as laboratories for papyrus, textiles, and leather, and there is also A special laboratory for the preservation and restoration of mummies in addition to specialized laboratories, and these laboratories were established below ground level to provide appropriate conditions for preserving antiquities, and after the completion of the restoration, they are transferred to the third security zone.
– The third security zone, which is the area of the archaeological stores, was designed according to the latest techniques of preservation and insurance, divided according to the type of antiquity, and is waiting to be transferred to the permanent exhibition halls in the main building through an underground tunnel that connects directly between the stores and the galleries under strict security conditions, and the center also includes a unit Electronic security and control. All construction and construction works and the installation of large and specialized equipment for the restoration of antiquities have been completed, and the engineering systems used such as winches installed in the roofs of the factories, X-ray equipment, etc., the process of transferring small and medium-sized archaeological groups has begun with the expertise of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, and securing their transfer in cooperation with the Ministry The interior from “Giza”, “Saqqara”, “Mansouriya” and “Tal Basta” to the museum stores.
As for the large, huge, or very heavy artifacts such as obelisks, temple pieces, and statues, an international company specialized in transporting antiquities to transport them from archaeological sites in Egypt will be assigned. Display it in museum gardens and some places inside, according to the museum display scenario. In the second phase, a specialized scientific library, a digital library, offices for scientists and researchers, and databases will be established in the second phase, as well as a center for electric power, water, sewage and gas networks, telephones, and an integrated fire station.
* The third level
It is the stage of building and constructing the main building of the museum with a total area of 120 thousand square meters, in which the two bodies of the museum will be built, which is explained:
- Museum galleries are dedicated to displaying 100,000 artifacts.
- The largest archaeological library specialized in Egyptology.
- Museum of Scholars and Scholars.
- Conference Center.
- Three-dimensional cinema (IMAX) and halls for theatrical and operatic performances.
- Children’s Museum.
- Museum for people with special needs.
- Multimedia center.
- Education and Training Center for Human Resources Working in the Field of Museums.
- Center for Traditional Crafts and Arts.
- The recreational and investment zone.
The information infrastructure is also provided for the purification of information and communication, to be the first museum to apply basic Kenyan information systems during construction and construction, in addition to allocating an internal transportation network and electric cars to transport the museum’s guests to various parts of it. The museum project will also link the pyramids plateau in one archaeological unit, and create a km-long corridor linking the warehouses and the main museum, which is buried underground and includes three concourses:
- The first tunnel to transfer antiquities directly
- The second tunnel for services, through which the pipes of the refineries, including electricity, wastewater, etc., pass through it and generate energy.
- The third tunnel for people to pass to reach the museum.
Features of the museum :
The idea of designing the museum is inspired by the selection of the three pyramids, where each radiation pyramid starts so that the three rays meet at one last point that defines the museum, and this unique site represents a direct view of the pyramids, which is the visual relationship between the project and the pyramids. The museum has a relationship with light, so its façade is covered with a stone that allows light to penetrate through geometric shapes, and this façade gives the museum its feature, explaining the axis of the direction of the pyramids of Giza, and the roof of the museum is one of the signs of this unique design, which is considered the largest of its kind in the world of museums.
Ramses II welcoming visitors:
The giant spotted gate at the entrance to the museum leads to the main courtyard of the museum, which is 600 meters in width and 45 meters in length, and topped by a huge statue of Pharaoh Ramses II, weighing 83 tons, was transported from Ramses Square in central Cairo in 2008, and the facade of the museum rises 5 floors to coincide with The height of the Great Pyramid, and it is characterized by walls that are lit at night and can be seen from all over Cairo, as it is covered with “Al-pastara” stones.
– The museum includes a special section to display the treasures of “The Little Golden Pharaoh with the rare mask of King Tutankhamun placed” in the middle of the exhibition hall, so that all visitors to the museum can view it from various angles, and 53 thousand pieces out of a total of 100 thousand artifacts have been displayed in The galleries of the Great Museum.
– The art collection from the Greek and Roman era includes a picture and works of sculptures found in the city of Fayoum and others from the Coptic era, including manuscripts and decorated copies of the Bible, as well as from the Islamic era, which includes manuscripts, ceramics, and weapons, in addition to many artworks and handicrafts.
– The most famous royal mummies of the kings of Pharaonic Egypt such as (Ramses II and Thutmose III) and (Amenhotep III and Seti I), in addition to many princes, ministers, and craftsmen in the Pharaonic era – a collection on the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir Square that expresses the technology of micro-industries in Egypt More than 3 thousand years ago.
– For the first time in many centuries, hundreds of artifacts in ancient Alexandria are preparing to leave the gap for stability and display in the world’s largest museums and the Grand Egyptian Museum. Also, antiquities (the tomb of Tutankhamun) will be displayed, including 5,000 pieces, many of which have not been exhibited since their discovery in the year 12 in the Valley of the Kings in Luxor. The exhibition halls are designed uniquely so that the visitor can choose the path that he determines to see one of the topics for the museum exhibits, and its gradual development during the different Pharaonic eras, or take another way to see monuments dating back to a specific historical period without going through other museum sections, or wandering inside the museum as planned The visitor himself with the help of the existing database or the museum’s specialists.
Using virtual reality technology:
The Grand Egyptian Museum is characterized by the latest technological methods of the museum and cultural display in response to technology and communication changes in the new millennium, to be the first of its kind in the use of virtual reality in the presentation, so that visitors enjoy experiencing the reality and the atmosphere and places in which the exhibits were discovered, and the museum will be a global center for museum communication using Satellite networks in communication with international and local museums. The museum is also distinguished by the diversity that appears in the ways of entrances, stairs, interior corridors, methods of placing statues and artifacts, the philosophy of highlighting antiquities and their importance, in addition to the use of the same shades of colors that were characteristic of the ancient Egyptians art, which appears on the walls of temples, statues, and archaeological inscriptions.
- Reviving the ancient Egyptian language, revive the ancient Egyptian language through writing instructions and signs describing or explaining antiquities in Arabic and English in addition to hieroglyphs, so that the visitor gets acquainted with the vocabulary of the language and live the atmosphere of the ancient historical past.
A complex of qualitative museums:
The large museum contains a complex of awareness museums inside it, where a special museum for children suitable for different ages is established to educate new generations, archaeological and cultural, halls and museum displays specialized for people with special needs, in addition to the transfer of the Sun boat museum, from the pyramids to the museum. There are also agreements with international museums to loan Egyptian pieces to the Grand Museum, such as the Rosetta Stone, which the British Museum’s Board of Trustees is looking to loan to display at the opening of the Grand Egyptian Museum for a period of 3 years. The museum also includes a library specializing in Egyptology, a research center, and restoration laboratories, as well as a conference center and a three-dimensional cinema, as well as halls for theatrical and operatic performances, and specialized places to serve visitors such as (banks – tourist offices – restaurants – cafeterias – gift shops – shops for artistic reproductions – External gardens – car park). The museum includes places for permanent display and others for temporary display, according to extremely modern systems designed to accommodate fifteen thousand visitors daily. And at the museum, a recreational area will be established on an area of 25 acres, which includes entertainment places, services, and public gardens with various facilities, services at the highest level of coordination and decoration inspired by the history of the fragrance.
Global project feedback:
The Grand Egyptian Museum is one of the greatest civilization and cultural projects during the current century, according to the estimation of the British newspaper, The Times, which has chosen it as the second most important of the 10 huge projects that are expected to have an important role in human civilization during the coming period. As described by Stephen Groenberg, “a member of the design team for the inner halls of the project, and he predicted for the museum to surpass the world’s museums in terms of their importance (such as the Louvre, Berlin and the British Museum), and others for being a modern museum that includes the masterpieces of Egyptian civilization.
The announcement of the establishment of the Grand Egyptian Museum has aroused the passion of cultural institutions and individuals around the world. For a month since the announcement of its establishment, 5,000 e-mails have been received on the museum’s website to inquire about its contents and the way it was built. The number of sites that talk about the Grand Egyptian Museum has exceeded on The Internet has one million sites in the English language only, which reflects its global value and importance, as it provides a unique experience in sailing through time through the story of ancient Egypt and its cultural heritage that spanned about seven thousand years.
This is the tour in one of the greatest places of Egypt, and follow us to meet in the upcoming tours with tourist tours to get to know the most important features of ancient Egypt.
With greetings from the Star Shine Tourism team.