Al-Moez Street for the Fatimid religion of God or The Great Street or The Kasbah of Cairo or The Great Cairo Kasbah It is a street representing the heart of the old city of Cairo, which has been developed to be an open museum of Islamic architecture and monuments . With the emergence of the city of Cairo during the reign of the Fatimid state in Egypt, al-Moez Street arose, so the city’s planning was penetrated by a main street that extends from Bab Zuweila in the south to Bab al-Futuh in the north parallel to the Gulf, and was called the Great Street and in a later stage, the Kasbah of Cairo, divided the city into two semi-equal parts and the political center And spiritual of the city . With the transformation that Cairo experienced in the early seventh century AH /The thirteenth century AD during the reign of the Mamluk state, with the beginning of the Tatar attack on the East and Iraq, many of the Masharqis migrated to Egypt, so places were built outside the walls of Cairo, and the surrounding neighborhoods surrounded the Fatimid Wall of Cairo, and the Great Street abounded with a series of religious, educational, medical, commercial and residential facilities, so that it became the largest part From the Islamic monuments of Egypt, a center within the boundaries of Mamluk Cairo, and economic activities in this era gathered around the Great Street and along its extension outside Bab Zuweila towards Saliba and the Citadel, and the Kasbah of Cairo extended outside its Fatimid walls from the first Husayniyyah north outside Bab A Fattouh and even the Al-Nafisi scene south of Bab Zuweila.
In the past, the street was called several names: the Great Street, the Kasbah of Cairo and the Great Kasbah of Cairo, and finally it was called the Moez of God’s Religion in the year 1937 In honor of the origin of Cairo, that name extends from Bab Al-Futouh to Bab Zuweila, including the streets of Bab Al-Futuh, Amir of Armies, Al-Nahhasin, between Kasserine, Al-Sagha, Ashrafieh, Al-Shawayn, Al-Aqqadin, Al-Manakhiliyah, and Al-Munjidin, Sukaria to Bab Zuweila . The current name refers to the Fatimid caliph al-Mu`izz, the religion of God, Abu Tamim Ma`d ibn al-Mansur Ismail ibn al-Qa’im, by the command of Muhammad Muhammad ibn al-Mahdi Abd Allah al-Fatimi, who was originally from Sicily while he was born The city of Mahdia The year319 AH, attributed to the comforting Cairo . It was sold in the caliphate in Morocco and it was the first Fatimid caliph to enter Egypt after its conquest in358 AH .
Planning for the city of Cairo includes reference to a number of names such as the line or the lane that included the trails, Alleys or kindness, Peaches, Tribes, Al-Rehab, And that made up the overall layout of the site. The first Islamic capitals in Egypt were Fustat In which the plans were drawn up Like other Islamic cities, it was distributed among the conquerors, and there was also a house for the dignitaries around which the loyalists of those houses combined . Likewise, the military was the second Islamic capital in Egypt, which was created by the Abbasids, in which they established their role, their dwellings, and the barracks of the soldiers, “ Dar al-Askar ” . Cairo as an extension of the same context, so the term al-Hara appeared as a synonym for the plan or locality to denote residential areas or neighborhoods, and each neighborhood took the name of the group or tribe that inhabited it or relative to a related personality such as Husayniyah, Al-Jowderiya, Zuwaila, Yansiah, Rayhaniyah, Berjwan, Amir of Armies, Al-Jamaliah, Al-Ghuriyah, and other lanes were distinguished by the names of craftsmen, craftsmen, and merchants who resided in them such as the copper, Tambakish Khayyamiyyah Cisterns, sifters, Anthrax, Al-Sroujiyyah, Al-Syoufiyyah, the arms market, or in relation to the names of the main establishments located in it, or to the nature of those facilities such as between Kasserine and Al-Kharnfash
Visiting Tour :
The fastest complete tour to visit most of the landmarks of Al-Moez Street and the monuments around it on foot, starts in the event of a car by stopping it in the garage and heading west to walk to Al-Azhar Mosque and the landmarks around it or start the tour from Al-Azhar Mosque and then go north to Al-Hussein Mosque and from it to Al-Jamalia Street until you exit from Bab Al-Nasr Then, heading to the west and entering the door of Al-Futuh and heading south on Al-Moez Street until you reach Al-Sayyida Al-Nafisa Square. The direct distance for this tour is approximately 8 km, and it is taken without taking into account the time taken to visit each landmark in about an hour and a half . As for the brief tour to visit the landmarks of Al-Moez Street, it starts from Bab Al-Futouh to Bab Zuweila or vice versa, and the direct distance for that tour is approximately2.5 km, which is taken on foot without calculating the time taken to visit each landmark in about half an hour..
What is in Al Moez Street :
Bab Al-Futouh :
Ab Alf Fotouh It is one of the gates of Sur Cairo , built a year 1087 M at hand The essence of Sicily , then renewed Prince Badr al-Jamali He placed it in its current position at the entrance Al Moez Street to the religion of God Fatimidian next to Al-Hakim Mosque by the command of God.
The door consists of two circular towers in the middle of the entrance, and there are two large energies next to them in their openings ornamented with small cylinders, and it connects to the door of victory in two ways, one from above the wall and the other from under the wall, gives the door a clear idea of the architecture of The Fatimid period And specifically the end of the eleventh century AD.
It was constructed by the leader The essence of the Sicilian In the year 480 E Hegira, corresponding to1087 A.D., near a neighborhood known as “ Bina al -Sayaraj ”, when the minister stood Badr al-Din al-Jamali Renovating the walls of Cairo, he rebuilt the door in its old position.
Mausoleum of Sidi Taste :
Tomb of Sir, taste It is a shrine dating back to the Mamluk era, and it is famous for an Egyptian saying that “taste is no exodus from Egypt.” The stories about the owner of the shrine are confined to the first 3 novels, which says that he was a merchant and one of the guardians ’fatwas, he always sought to solve the problems of the people of the old neighborhood, but he was fed up with repeated quarrels, so he decided to leave and because of his grief over his separation, he was unable to complete the journey, and he fell dead and was buried at its door or that the ruler is in That time he spent putting the bullies in the prisons, and he sensed the critical taste of his standing among the people and decided to leave Egypt, but he could not bear the separation of his homeland, and he fell dead as he passed from Bab al-Futuh , the people of Al-Mahrousa were saddened by it, and they decided to bury him where he fell. The second narration says that the owner of the shrine was a congratulated person, but he decided to leave because of his narrow pretext for the conditions of the country, but before he left the door of al-Futuh he died and the people established the shrine in the same place of his death. As for the third narration, it says that the owner of the grave is of Moroccan origin who came to Egypt and lived among its people, but when he fell ill his children wanted to take him to his country to die and be buried there, but he refused and forced him to leave, but he died at the door of the conquest before he left it, so the people dealt with his grave, considering that he is one of God’s saints . The mausoleum of the mausoleum was made of wood, and above it is a small green dome topped by a golden crescent, with inscriptions in black on top of the door that reads: “The mausoleum of the one who knows God, my master of taste .
Al-Hakim by the command of God mosque :
Al-Hakim by the command of God Mosque Bani Alam Mosque 380 E in the era of Dear God, Fatimid Which began in the year(379 AH989 CE) in the construction of another mosque outside Bab Al-Futouh But he died before it was completed and his son completed it The ruler by the command of God (403AH1013-1012 AD ( so he was attributed to him and became known as the Ruler’s Mosque.
Description of the mosque :
It is120.5 meters long and113 meters wide, its area less than an area Amr Mosque At both ends, the navy ( northwest ) confronted it. There are two minarets surrounded by two great pyramid-shaped bases. Each base of two cubes is mounted on top of the other and the upper cube is placed back slightly above the lower. The height of the latter reaches the height of the walls of the mosque and emerges from each of the two upper cubes an octagonal minaret in the middle of this waterfront between the two minarets there is the entrance to the mosque monumental, the first prominent entrance built in the mosque of Cairo covered the basement of a cylindrical display 48 T 3 meters and a length of 50T5 meters and at the end the door was introduced 21T2 meters knotted holding horizontal stone and this contract wall existing construction recently in which There in the doorway on the right and on the left remains of inscriptions exquisite height 60T1 m be Tabana at the entrance and leads the entrance to the courtyard of the mosque , which is surrounded by iwan.
Qurqmas Dome :
It is an ancient high-rise mausoleum dome of unknown origin, located next to the main door of the Al-Hakim mosque by the command of God in a place that obscures the entrance to the mosque. People were disturbed in its origin, some of them said that it was for Prince Muhammad Qurqmas or that it was the sheikh of Al-Sa’i to adjacent to his soil known there now by his name or that it was the soil of the Emir of armies Badr al-Jamali for the luxury of its construction and height or that it was buried by the ruler for himself and was not buried in it and later known as the burial of Al-Sa’i. As for the Egyptian Antiquities Authority, it registered it in the name of the Qarqamas Dome, even though Qarqamas is buried in his mausoleum located in the necropolis of East Cairo next to the Khanqah of Sultan Faraj bin Barquq. Because this dome is alien to the construction of the Al-Hakim Mosque and its entrance deformation, it was dismantled in October 1980 as part of a project to renovate the Al-Hakim Mosque, and was transferred to Al-Ghafir Cemetery where it was rebuilt between the Sultan Al-Ashraf Mosque, Barsbay and the Tomb of Jani Bey Al-Ashraf.
Angle Abu al– Khair Alklebata :
Abu Al-Khair Mosque or The corner of Abu Al-Khair Al-Kulaibati This angle is located on the street named Abu Al-Khair Al-Kulaibati, which is branched from Al Moez Street to the religion of God Aesthetic in Cairo . It was built during the reign of the Fatimid Caliph Appearance to cherish God’s religion. It was built in 927 and its mausoleum is nearby.
The interior corner building begins with a simple darkness covered in a modern wooden ceiling with no frills . The floor is furnished with stone tiles . Its southwestern side is a scalded wall, while its northern side has a modern bathroom . This dark circular leads to a celestial passageway to the right of which is part of a wall demolished by the remains of a wooden ceiling, and to the left of it is a pointed quadrilateral contract consisting of two overlapping planes, the second of which departs from the first . Bottom legs wooden bumper free of decorations and inscriptions . This contract follows a square area covered by a shallow dome devoid of decoration based on four quad stone arches, with the exception of the southeastern contract, it consists of three overlapping apostate windows that open on a small iwan for the qibla, the floor is furnished with stone tiles and covered with a ceiling consisting of a half barrel, in Its southeastern side is a composite lantern window made of three rectangular slots knotted topped by circular lunar panels . In its northeastern and southwestern sides, there are several small rectangular entries.
On the floor of this iwan is a wooden composition above the burial deck . As for the southwestern side of the dome, it leads to an irregular area with a roof of wooden veins. Its floor is furnished with stone tiles in its northeastern side. A tapered quadrilateral contract consisting of three intertwined apexes bounced, under the legs of an undecorated wooden bumper..
Mosque, Sabeel and the Book of Solayman Agha Al-Silahdar :
Mosque, Sabeel and the Book of Solayman Agha The catfish (1255Hegira1839 / AD ( , is one of the mosques that were established in the era Muhammad Ali In Egypt, it is located at the beginning of the bourjwan lane on Amir Al-Jayoush Street ) Al-Moez Din Allah ( On the other hand, it is in the extension of Al-Nahhasin Street from Bab Al-Sharia Square
It consists of a rectangle divided into two squares . The western square includes the sanctuary of the mosque, i.e. its courtyard, which is a courtyard surrounded by the porticoes on all four sides covered by small shallow domes based on marble columns, and the dome of each dome is decorated with multi-colored oil patterns consisting of floral and engineering drawings and Quranic inscriptions . The courtyard covers a wooden ceiling, in the middle of which opens an opening ) rattle ( for ventilation, lighting and protecting the mosque from rain if it falls . As for the eastern square, it contains the place of prayer, and it consists of two pilasters, each of which contains two columns of marble on which round arches rest. The two pilasters divide the place of prayer into three porticos parallel to the qibla wall . The prayer site is covered with a wooden ceiling decorated with oil-colored patterns . The qibla wall is surrounded by a marble mihrab .
The home of Mustafa Jaafar Al-Salhdar Waqf :
Mustafa Jaafar’s house The catfish It is one of the ancient houses located in Al-Moez Street, which is one of the most beautiful monuments in the street, where it is located in the yellow path of the road branching from the street next to Suhaimi House. The house was built in the place of ” Al-Mawardi Coffee “, which was among the endowments of Khawaja Shihab Ati , and Haj Mustafa Mustafa Jafar bought it and its vicinity to establish his house, which is the chief notary of the coffee dealers at the Zulfiqar Agency, such as Takhdha.
On the sides of the entrance to the house, we find 5 windows by 4 windows to the left of the entrance contract and one window to the right, which are rectangular windows covered with iron grilles , and on the front are a group of prominent mashrabiyas of the house halls made of wood . The house has two entrances, one of which is the main one opens onto the yellow path of the path , and the second entrance is believed to have been overlooking a private lane for this house , and the main entrance closes to its opening two wooden pieces decorated with two rectangular bands of copper and fixed with nails and leading to a vestibule that leads to the main courtyard of the house . Upon entry from the main entrance door, there is the main courtyard of the house, which is almost square in shape, on which the ground floor doors and window openings open on the first and second floors , and there is a door that leads to an ascending staircase to the second floor and the northeastern rib of the courtyard with a door opening directed with a rectangular stone lintel in which two houses of hair are engraved. Their text: ” And whoever is the Messenger of God, you will support him – if the lion receives its masses will converge – and whoever is by the Messenger of God, you will help him – may God protect him from all revenge .” As for the lower hall, it is ) mundra( consisting of a central hall and two iwans. It is noted that it was covered with a wooden ceiling on one level that includes wooden pliers with painted and colored decorations. The ceiling is based on wooden buttons in the form of a four-decade lavender decoration inside each vase contract from which leaves a branch of leaves Botanical and floral , whose floor is covered with colored marble decorated with geometric motifs , and in the middle is a square watering , whose floor is made of colored scrap marble.
Al-Aqmar Mosque :
To the moon collector It is a mosque Cairo Al-Fatimiyyah, this mosque is on a street Copper It was built by the Minister Al-Bataei safe By order of the caliph The commander of God’s rulings Abi Ali Mansour in the year(519 AH1125 CE) is the first mosque in Cairo Its interface contains a special engineering design . Tells Al-Maqrizi The mosque was built in the place of one of the monasteries, which was called the Bir al-Azma, because it contained the bones of some of the Coptic martyrs . And the mosque was called by this name because of the color of its white stones, which resemble the color of the moon , In his name, he resembles other Fatimid mosques named after Munira, such as Al- Anwar and Al-Azhar .
It is also the first mosque in which the façade is parallel to the street organizing line instead of being parallel to the courtyard so that it becomes the kiss It has taken its proper position and that is why the interior of the mosque is oblique in relation to the facade, and it is made up of a small square square measuring about ten square meters surrounding it. gallery One of three sides and three porticoes on the southeastern side, i.e. in the qibla iwan . And decades of papers are written in writing muffler Ornate and carried on ancient marble columns with casting bases and different crowns connected by a wooden med, and he sees in his entrance for the first time in the architecture of mosques the interlocking contract that spread in Mamluk architecture in the fifteenth century AD and above this contract there is the Persian contract which is established in the form of fan Mediate Circle At its center, I use the design of the whole Muqarnas Which was used only before that in a minaret Al-Jioushi Mosque.
Sabeel and the Book of Abd al-Rahman Katkhuda :
Sabil and the book of Abdul Rahman As a snap One of the most important features Al Moez Street (Cairo ) which is Path Writers Built in a blending style Ottoman architecture And Mamluk . He was the designer of the building An engineer A leading Egyptian, whose name is Abdul Rahman Ktkhoda. Spreads and pamphlets spread in Cairo in that era.A three-storey building with 3 openings of colored marble, with beautiful copper windows. A book with wooden umbrellas and parapets tops the way. Inscriptions containing the name of the originator and the date of construction were engraved on it, and in the Sabeel Chamber painted the image of the noble Kaaba. The text of the writing: “Created by Prince Abdel-Rahman Gawish, Conservative of the late Ibn Hassan, Katkhuda Al-Qazghgali, may God forgive him in 1157.”.
Prince Bashtak Palace :
Prince Bashtak Palace It is a unique model of civil architecture of the Mameluke period Al Moez Street In Fatimid Cairo And established by the Prince Saif Al-Din Bashtak Al-Naseri One of the princes Al-Nasser Mohammed bin Qalawun Who was killed with a scheming of Prince Qusun During the rule of the Sultan Aladdin KJK.
This palace was initially inhabited by Prince Badr al-Din Bektaş, then Prince Bashtak bought it from the heirs , and added to it the spaces around it and was built around eleven mosques and four temples from the monuments of the Fatimids and the house of Qattwan al-Saqi . ” I was close to collapse after1992 earthquake – The palace has been repaired in conjunction with German Archaeological Institute Two years at a cost of about50 million pounds . And Archaeological Palace Bashtak construction dates back to the year1339 AD740 -e .
The composition of the architectural palace
The palace has three facades : the first, the main one, is located in the northwestern side, overlooking Ali Moez Street,It consists of three floors Drinks I am not on the integrity of one, but on two parts, one of which is sunken and the other prominent , and has engineering verses in verse in beauty.
As for the second façade, it is located in the northeastern side, and overlooks a symbolic path . It has a number of windows covered with metal wings . It also has a gate leading to the palace..
And the third façade on the southwestern side overlooks the Al-Qadi neighborhood lane . As for the current entrance, it is accessed with a decorated wooden staircase that leads to a wooden door bearing writings on the origin of the palace and the date of its establishment..
The palace consists of two floors on the ground with a hall, stables, cereal stores and maid rooms . The upper floor includes a hall for celebrations and bedrooms , and it contained a third floor of the harem, but it was destroyed. .
The entrance leads to a square square ( space ) to its right, a staircase leading to the second floor and to its left are stables that reach it through a vestibule with an archaeological well for daily use of horses above the stables..
The main hall is connected by an ascending staircase, which is led by an exposed surface and consists of four iwans ( square open space for sitting ) and the role of a covered and shallow hall. With marble In beautiful geometric shapes and wooden ceilings, unique lighting units hang from this, in addition to the eastern iwan, which is characterized by its many wooden mashrabiyas, and the western iwan contains stucco windows stained with stained glass. As for the northern and southern iwan, each contains three-decades oysters that are based on marble pillars with bases and Islamic-style crowns A number of rooms and toilets are attached to this hall . It cannot be missed that next to the eastern iwan there is a door opening leading to corridors overlooking the floor, a hall, and these corridors were used in the past to see what was going on in the hall where women were meeting with the rooms of the Harmalik on the third floor extinct , and they are not allowed to sit with the guests on the second floor .
Inal bath :
Hammam of Sultan Ashraf Inal It is located on Al-Moez Street to the Religion of God and its establishment date back to the year 861 AH / 1456 CE, and it was built to perform a social function. The facade of the bathroom overlooks Al-Moez Street, and its main entrance leads to a broken corridor, so that passers-by in the street cannot see who is inside. As for the reception hall, it is a square with a ceiling of wooden veins (springs) in the middle of which is the sistle of twenty-eight windows. The northern side of this hall has a door opening to the dressing room with a floor of modern tiles covering it Basement Criss-crossed in the middle of a circular stone deck surrounded by the reception hall are four pavilions. dome Simple shallow with small holes for ventilation.
El – Kamiliyya School :
The El – Kamiliyya School It was established by the complete king, Muhammad ibn al-Adil al-Ayyubi, to study hadith, and that was in the year 622 AH – 1225 CE. The remains of the Kamiliyya School are located on the western side of the Nahhasin Market and to the northern side of the Madrasa and Barquq Mausoleum, and only the remains of the western Iwan are left. From it, the remains of stucco decoration with inscriptions in Kufic script were transferred to the Museum of Islamic Art. Some archaeologists believe that the Kamiliyya School is the oldest model of the Ionian school planning model. The school was rebuilt by Prince Hassan Katkhuda, the two receptions of al-Shaarawi in 1166 CE
The path of Muhammad Ali in Nahhasin :
Muhammad Ali’s path to copper or The path of Ismail Pasha, Created by Muhammad Ali Pasha On the spirit of his son Ismail Pasha Year1244 AH1829-1828/AD.
The facility consists of a watering room with a book attached to teach Muslims orphans and a number of rooms on two floors, and the facility is built in the Turkish style where the tank is mounted with a watering room with a curved facade and four windows topped by a dome, and the book is located next to it and not on top of it, and reflects the marble and oil decorations of the Baroque style The Ottoman Rococo, which is currently occupied by the Egyptian Textile Museum.
Al-Zahir Barquq Mosque and School :
Sultan Al-Zahir Barquq group or Virtual School or Mosque, madrasa, and khanaqah, and the dome of al-Zahir Barquq It is a famous antique architectural group In Cairo , it is built in the Mamluk Islamic style . The group includes a mosque, madrasa, and khanaqah, and a shrine dome . He ordered the creation of the Sultan Al-Zahir Seif al-Din Barquq The founder of the second Mamluk state ( Circassian or Zodiac ), under the supervision of Prince Gerakis al-Khalili, Prince of Akhur, during the period from 786E/ 1384M to me 788E/ 1386M. With its annexes, the group is considered the first architectural facility to be built in the era of the Circassian Mamluks, and at its location was a hotel known as the Zakat Khan.
The group is located in the Al-Nahhasin area Al-Moez Street for the Fatimid religion of God In the known part Between the two palaces , and tracked administratively Aesthetic department Central neighborhood The Follower For the western region In Cairo. It is bordered by several Islamic monuments, on one side of which is located The Complete School Hammam of Sultan Inal , on the other side Mosque and madrasa of Al-Nasir Qalawun And the group of Sultan Al-Mansur Qalawun , and corresponds to it The path of Muhammad Ali The Prince’s Palace Bashtak And Al-Zahir Baybars School And the school and the dome of Najm al-Din Ayyub And the way and the book Khesro Pasha.
School and Dome of Sultan Al-Nasir Muhammad bin Qalawun :
Mosque, madrasa and dome of Al-Nasir Muhammad bin Qalawun “Al Moez Street “or The Nasserite School It is the school adjacent to the dome of Al-Mansur Qalawun. The just king Zayn Al-Din Kattalba began to establish it after Al-Nasir Qalawun was removed from his first term. His son Anouk died, buried in this cemetery, too. As for Al-Nasir Muhammad himself, he is buried in the dome of his father Al-Mansur Qalawun. The school had lessons for the four schools and a great library, and when Nasser Qalawun died, he was buried in the soil of his father, Al-Mansur Qalawun..
Sultan Al-Mansur Qala’un Group :
Sultan Qalawun Group or Mosque, madrasa, dome and pemaristan al-Mansur Qalawun It is a famous antique architectural group In Cairo , it is built in the Mamluk Islamic style . The group includes a mosque, madrasa, and shrine dome And pemaristan To treat patients . He ordered the creation of the Sultan Al-Mansour Saif Al-Din Qalawun One of the most prominent reign sultans Mamluks Navy, who founded the Hikmat family Egypt And the Levant And others more than a century ago, the rule of himself began a year 678E/ 1279M , and ended with the Sultan The good Salah al-Din Haji Year 784E/ 1382AD , and to him the credit for the emergence of the second Mamluk state ( the Burj or Mamluk Mamluk ) is due to the fact that he was fond of buying large numbers of Circassian Mamluks and inhabited them as towers. the castle So they called it a turret.
Some describe the dome of al-Mansur Qalawun as the group as the second most beautiful shrine in the world distance Taj Mahal The Indian. The group is located in the Al-Nahhasin area Al-Moez Street for the Fatimid religion of God In the known part Between the two palaces , and tracked administratively Aesthetic department Central neighborhood The Follower For the western region In Cairo. The group is adjacent to several Islamic monuments, and next to it is located Mosque and madrasa of Al-Nasir Qalawun And a mosque, a school, and the outskirts of the apparent Barquq Then The Complete School Hammam of Sultan Inal , and he meets Sabil and the book of Khusraw Pasha And the school and the dome of Najm al-Din Ayyub And Al-Zahir Baybars School Then The path of Muhammad Ali The Prince’s Palace Bashtak.
Al-Zahir Baybars Al-Banddari School :
Al-Zahir Baybars School . This school was established during the Mamluk era in 1931 ( 660 – 662E – 1262 – 1263 M) On Al-Moez Street, adjacent to Al-Saleh Cemetery Najm al-Din Ayoub , by Zahir Baybars My item is estimated . The school was occupied by the tent hall and the weapon hall attached to the eastern Fatimid palace.
Through evidence and archaeological studies, it is clear that this school was one of the largest schools in the Mamluk era, as it consisted of an open central courtyard surrounded by four iwans, the largest of which is the qibla iwan, and the four corners of the courtyard have four entrances that lead to the way to the school, toilets and student rooms . And there is nothing left of this school now except the northeastern iwan and Hajar al-Sabeel, and it has two Shabaks on top of each lintel, then a shoulder to carry out the digging of the shape of the righteous and it is the apparent blade of Baybars and topped with a necklace of interlocking cymbals decorated with prominent engraving with engineering and floral motifs.
School and dome of Najm al-Din Ayyub :
School and dome of the good Najm al-Din Ayoub or Salhia School One of the most famous buildings Cairo Archeology, built in641 AH corresponding 1243 – 1244M. He created this school Al-Saleh Najm Al-Din Ayoub The seventh of the king of the king Egypt From sultans The Ayyubid state established it on a portion of the area occupied by the great Fatimid palace and completed it in the year641 AH corresponding to1243/44 AD and consisted of two buildings, one of which was before me.
Its features were lost and modern buildings were occupied in its place, and the second is a sea from which only the western iwan is covered by a vaulted cellar. Each of the buildings includes two opposite iwans, one east and the other a western one. Description of al-Khalawi on each side and separating these two buildings is a corridor at the western end of the school entrance The one in the middle of the destination is surmounted by the minaret.
And still this destination retains its architectural details, it is divided to the right of the entrance and its left to the rows of a low-lying area, under which windows were opened, covered by lintels that were distinguished by the diversity of their buttons, topped by archaic contracts, whose motifs differed and their forms varied..
Here, it appears to us for the first time in this direction the phenomenon of opening lower windows after they were seen at the top destinations in the advanced mosques As the mosque of Amr ibn al-As And the mosque of Ahmed Ibn Tulun and others . He meant decorating and beautifying the entrance, so he took many of his decorative elements from both sides of Al-Aqmar and Al-Saleh Taleea collectors, and he wrote in the middle of the muqarnas contract that rises to the door, the date of creation is 641 AH..
As for the minaret, it starts at the top of the entrance, square to the session, then an octagon with facets covered by rows covered by special contracts, in which openings were made with contracts in the form of leaves . The octagon is covered with a ribbed dome, the base of which is decorated with openings in the form of vegetal leaves, also topped by prominent gears..
This minaret represents the model of most minarets that were established in the late seventh and early eighth centuries AH – the thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries AD – before it evolved into the familiar style that spread and spread In Egypt Then.
Sabeel and Khusraw Pasha’s Book :
Located Sabil and the Book of Khusraw Pasha On Al-Moez Street, in the religion of God, in front of the Sultan Qalawun group, it is considered the oldest remaining Ottoman vassal in Medina Cairo. Although this was created The way In the Ottoman era, however, it is considered an extension of the local Egyptian model in the layout of the spills, which is independent and not attached to other buildings..
The road consists of a rectangular room with a window, a window, the first window overlooks Al-Moez Street in the southwestern side, and the other window overlooks the northeastern side, where the northwestern iwan is from the Salihiya school, and it enters the road from the corridor behind the Salihiya school, and the room is furnished from the inside with colored marble in the form of Rectangles, squares, circles, lozenges, and triangles . Inside, the two windows are facing three vertical headers in each side. The middle one from each of them contained the shazrawan or a marble plank on which water flows . It is connected to the book over the road through a modern iron staircase. The book room takes the same layout as the room of the room, and the two facades of the book appear on the outside with two adjacent contracts that rest on a pillar in the middle..
Sabeel and the Book of Sheikh Al-Muthar :
Mosque, path and book of Sheikh purgatory It is located at the end of Al-Sagha, on Al-Moez Street to the religion of God.
The entrance leads to a spacious vestibule on the right side of it, there is a staircase consisting of two temples leading to the hall above the path designated for the Sheikh of the mosque and next to this staircase and to the west of it there is another staircase that connects to the book and to the mosque minaret above the eastern facade . On the north side of the vestibule, and after the Sabeel building and the book, there is a chapel in its chest, a mihrab on the eastern side, and the south side of it is completely open to the vestibule, preceded by two columns bearing three round arches . As for the northern side of it, it reaches roads in the western side, there is a door that leads to the prayer day, and on the northern side there is the bathroom.
Mosque and madrasa of Al-Ashraf Barsbay (Ashrafieh School):
Mosque and Madrasa of Sultan Al-Ashraf Barsbay or Ashrafieh School. This mosque is located Street goats to the religion of Allah at the difficulties which Street , the essence of the leader was King Ashraf Barsbay began its creation in826 AH1424 / AD, one of the three mosques established by Ashraf that Barsbay and the second mosque supplement its burial place and Khanqah Baqravh Mamluks , who established his country Khanka the year 841 AH1437 / M. These mosques are distinguished by the beauty of engineering, in which the manufacture of marble and stucco windows sweetened with stained glass reached a great affair in accuracy and mastery .
The school consists of a rectangular shape with an area of(1760) meters and it is orthogonal planning, this is unlike the area of its other attachments, such as Al-Sabeel, Al-Kuttab, Al-Maktaba, and the shrine.
Sultan Al-Ghuri Collection :
Sultan Al-Ghoury Group It is a famous antique architectural group In Cairo Built in Islamic style from the late Circassian Mamluks . The group includes several facilities built on two opposite sides, between them a corridor topped with a wooden ceiling, on one side is a mosque and a school where religious studies were taught, while on the other side there is a shrine dome and a way topped by a book and suffocating it for the Sufis, a house and a seat, while an archaeological bath adjacent to those buildings has disappeared . The group was created during the period from 909E/ 1503M to me 910E/ 1504M By order of Sultan Al-Ashraf Abu Al-Nasr Kansoh from Pepperdi Al-Ghoury The original Circassian was one of the rulers of the Mamluk state during the era of the Circassian Mamluks. Al-Ashraf Qaytbay , and rose to positions during the reign Al-Nasser Qaitbay And Ashraf Jan Blatt Then The fair Tuman Bey , until the Mamluk princes pledged allegiance to him for a year 906E/ 1501M To sit on the Sultanate’s chair.
The group is currently located in Ghurayyah In the red path Affiliate Central neighborhood Cairo , overlooking Al Moez Street to the religion of God. And next to several other archaeological sites such as Al-Ghouri Agency , Qaitbay Agency , Muhammad Bey Abu Al-Dahab Mosque , Al-Azhar Mosque , Al-Fakhani Mosque.
Al-Moayad Sheikh Mosque :
Sultan Al-Muayyad Mosque Sheikh or Al- Muayyad Mosque or Al-Muayyad Mosque It is one of the famous archeological mosques In Cairo , it is described as the pride of the era mosques Circassian Mamluks. Its construction began a year ago 818E/ 1415M By order of Sultan Al-Muayyad Abu Al-Nasr Saif Al-Din Sheikh Bin Abdullah Al-Mahmoudi Al-Dhaheri One of the rulers Mamluk state During an era Circassian Mamluks One of the Sultan’s princes, before he was appointed to the Sultanate’s seat Al-Zahir Saif al-Din Barquq , and pro-Sheikh died in 8 Muharram 824E/ 1421M The dome of the mosque was still under construction, and work was completed on Ramadan 824E/ 1421M , and until that time, many of the mosque’s annexes did not begin to be built as planned, such as the tribal dome and the Sufi houses of Khanqah . In the mosque there are two shrines under the dome, one for Sultan Al-Moayad Sheikh, and the other for his strict sons Ibrahim And Al-Muzaffar Ahmed And Abu Al-Fath Musa.
The site of the mosque was once a prison known as the ” Treasury of Shamail ” , and it is currently located Military personnel In an area The Red Path Affiliated with the Central District Cairo. The mosque has four borders, and its southeastern border overlooks Al Moez Street to the religion of God And by the main facade and entrance, its northeastern border overlooks Al Sharqiya Street, the northwestern unit has lighting and student residences, the southwestern unit overlooks a street below the quarter, ” Ahmed Maher Street Currently ” , while the southern corner of the mosque is intertwined with the West Tower Zewaila door. And adjacent to the mosque several other ancient mosques, such as Al-Saleh Talaee Mosque , and the corner of Nasser Faraj bin Barquq.
Zuwaila Gate :
Zuwaila Gate or Mitwali Gate It is one of the gates “Old Cairo” in the capital Egyptian Cairo. This gate or gate is famous for being the gate where messengers heads were hung Hulagu Leader Tatar When they came threatening to Egypt, which eventually led to the defeat of the Mongols and the emergence The Mamluk state , and the last sultans were also executed Mamluks , Toman Bey , after entering the Ottoman Sultan Selim I For Egypt and its annexation The Ottoman Empire marked the end Mamluk state.
The door was established in the year(485AH1092 AD ( , and it consists of a huge building block25 meters deep25.72, meters wide and24 meters high above street level .
The door consists of two round towers that accentuate one-third of the plant block outside the fence. The two towers are surrounded by an open corridor leading to the entrance door. The towers rise to two-thirds of the height in a solid building and come in the upper third of each of them a defense room covered by a longitudinal cellar that intersects with a vertical cellar.
Nafeesah Al-Bayda ‘s path :
Sabeel and Nafisa Al-Bayda book or Sabil and the book Nafisa Hatun It is located in Al-Ghouriya neighborhood, next to Bab Zuweila in historical Cairo, and the date of construction dates back to(1211AH1796AD) and the name of the agency and the way is attributed to their owners Nafisa Al Bayda.
She is a Circassian maid, known by the name Nafisa Al Bayda, relative to the color of her skin and her subdued beauty Ali al-Kabir He married her, and after his death he married her Murad Bey , and she lived with him for nearly20 years.
The path is represented by a semicircular façade, and overlooks the street with three windows held and metallic floral motifs, and it is one of the architectural components of a charitable group created by the psychologist Al-Beida, and it consists of a path surmounted by a book and a commercial agency with stores where he worked as traders of various races, and they rent and exploit their proceeds To spend on the path and the book, and two pigeons, the proceeds of which are used for good purposes, and the agency and the two pigeons rise above the housing for the poor Muslims with small amounts.
The purpose of the avenue was to provide drinking water to passers-by as a charitable work, and this avenue differs in that its tanks are not located below it but rather a neighboring building, and this avenue is an excellent example of the Ottoman architectural style in the late era in Cairo, and the writers who were rising above the road represented a primary school for children District.
Nafisa Al Bayda agency :
Nafisa Al Bayda agency Created by mrs Nafisa Al Bayda She is the second wife For Murad Bey , she has been known for being rich and investing her money and trading in the markets. The agency is located at the southern end Al-Moez Street for the Fatimid religion of God On the opposite side Mosque of Al-Muayyad Sheikh Bajoor Zuwaila Gate And she catch up A way and a book I constructed them in 1211 AH / 1796AD in a two-storey building adjacent to the agency.
This is a tourist airspace in one of the greatest palaces of Egypt, and follow us to meet in the upcoming tours with tourist tours to get to know the most important monuments and features of ancient Egypt .
With greetings from the Star Shine Tourism team .