Ancient Egypt History Timeline

  • 3,500 B.C.: The first hieroglyphic symbols are used by craftsmen
  • 2,500 B.C.: The Great Pyramid at Giza and The Great Sphinx are built.
  • 1,550 B.C. – 332 B.C.: The New Kingdom Pharaohs are buried in the Valley of the Kings.
  • 1,351 B.C.: Akhenaten, “Heretic King” starts a religious revolution within Egypt.
  • 1,325 B.C.:King Tut (son of Akhenaten) is buried in the Valley of the Kings.
  • 30 A.D.: Egypt becomes part of the Roman Empire.

Ancient Egypt’s Greatest Pharaohs

    • Cleopatra

      Cleopatra VII – Although Cleopatra was Greek, she was also the last pharaoh of Egypt. She made alliances with the Romans to maintain her power.

      Click here to learn more about Queen Cleopatra (for Kids)

    • Bust of Ramses II

      Ramses II – Third pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty, Ramses II is often called Ramses the Great. He built more monuments and statues than any other Egyptian king. He was regarded as one of the most powerful, if not the most powerful, pharaohs of the ancient Egyptian Empire.

      Click here to learn more about Ramses II

    • Statue of Tutankhamun

      Tutankhamun – The son of “Heretic King” Akhenaten, King Tut is famous today solely because of his tomb. It was found intact in 1922 and filled with treasure. He is also well-known because he was a boy of just nine years old when he took power.

      Click here to learn more about King Tut

  • Bust of Amenhotep III

    Amenhotep III – A great pharaoh because during his 39 years of rule Egypt was at peace. It was also prosperous and he was able to expand cities and build many temples. He was the ninth pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty.

    Click here to learn more about Amenhotep III

There were a lot more pharaohs in ancient Egypt, who reigned from 3100 BC until 30 BC, more than 3000 years! They were thought to be descendants of the gods.

Click here to learn more about The Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs (for Kids)


Silver Diadem from the 17th Dynasty© Jan – 17th Dynasty Diadem


Ancient Egypt’s Greatest Structures

The greatest of all the structures in ancient Egypt are the pyramids. The very first pyramids were called step pyramids, and weren’t smooth on the sides, but rather had “steps.” An example of this type is the First Pyramid of Djoser.

Some of the most famous construction of ancient Egypt are located at Giza:

  • The Great Pyramid of Giza stands 480 feet tall. It was the tallest man-made structure in the world until the construction of the Lincoln Cathedral in the UK in 1311 A.D. It is the only remaining Wonder of the Ancient World.Click here to learn more about The Great Pyramid

    The Great Pyramid of Giza© Never House – The Great Pyramid of Giza

  • The Great Sphinx of Giza was carved around 4,500 years ago. It stands 241 feet long, 66 feet high and 20 feet wide. The face on the sphinx was made to resemble Pharaoh Khafra.