Depictions Images and statues of Amun usually show him as a man with a blue or black skin. He wears a double-plumed headdress and the plumes have alternating colors of either red and green or red and blue. Amun wears several pieces of jewelry including a broad collar or necklace, bracelets and armlets. His clothing is […]


Edfu The site of another well-preserved temple, the Temple of Edfu, also known as The Temple of Horus, was constructed on top of earlier temples. Located in Upper Egypt, the Temple of Horus was an incredible source of information regarding ancient Egyptian political and religious thought. An enormous statue of Horus as a falcon is one of the most […]


SYNAGOGUE The Synagogue of Ben Ezra was originally a church. However, it needed to be sold to pay the annual taxes imposed on the church by the government in 882 A.D. The synagogue is named after Abraham Ben Ezra who bought the church for a sum of 20,000 dinars. The basilican structure with a nave […]


ST.GEORGE (GREEK ORTHODOX) The Greek Orthodox Church of St. George was erected upon the northern tower of the Fortress of Babylon and echoes its round shape. The church can be reached through a flight of stairs and is crowned by an impressive dome. Tradition has it that St. George was kept in a prison close […]


ST. BARBARA This portrays a general view of the interior of the church. The wooden screen is decorated with geometrical patterns of ebony and ivory inlay. The church of St. Barbara is among the churches of Old Cairo of historic importance. It was originally dedicated to St. Cyrus and St. John who were worshipped for […]

Carpet Collection

Carpet Collection   The Museum of Islamic Art also displays a large collection of Arabian carpets that were brought from many mosques and historical houses from all around Egypt. The collection of carpets of the Museum grew massively when the museum took the selection of carpets that used to belong to Ali Pasha Ibrahim in […]

Weights and Measures

Weights and Measures For weights and measures, Al-Muqaddasi shows the same attention to specific detail. For each province, he names, measures, compares and explains the fluctuations and variations in each measure and weight. . He would also dwell on the history of each; and so minute it all becomes in the detail, that it ends […]

1. Sources

1. Sources Let us first address the view held by many who today are crusading against the use of old sources…, i.e Western historians of the 19th and early 20th centuries, and even earlier, arguing that the more modern sources be given the priority in the study of history. There are even some who claim that only […]

An introduction to Early Islamic Society and Social Sciences

An introduction to Early Islamic Society and Social Sciences …in order to know or appreciate most developments of Muslim society and civilization, or to understand the very foundations of Islamic society and civilization, we have to go to the very early history of Islam. Here, we set aside the central role of the faith, Islam, […]